منگل، 10 اپریل، 2012
Who says India wants to be a superpower?
The plot of the US is give this wrong impression in order to create a climate of distrust and tension between India and China. Washington thinks that such an illusion will make the Indian and government to support the pro Zionist policies of the US, and at the same time enable Israel and the US to infiltrate the country and plunder its rich natural resources, in order to fomenting internal trouble in a country that has the world's largest number of Muslims, estimated over 220 million people. We have prepared a special feature in this regard for you, which points out to the fact that India is not yet a developed country in view of the wide scale poverty, mismanagement, and lack of expertise. The feature titled "Who says India wants to be a Superpower" was written by Air Vice-Marshal Arjun Subramaniam, who is the Assistant Chief of Air Staff looking after Space, Concepts and Doctrine at Air Headquarters in New Delhi. The analysis appeared in the Chennai-based English language daily, The Hindu.
A recent report from the London School of Economics (LSE) titled “India: The Next Super Power?” — and, very surprisingly, given excessive mileage by various sections of the media — reflects a new obsession among certain global think tanks and research institutions of the need to remind India that it has a long way to go before it can join the so-called “high table.” The report posed the question in the context of U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's 2009 visit to India when she said she considered India to be a global rather than a regional power. The question here is: Do we really need to take cognisance of preachy sermons on how “India has miles to go before it can sleep,” or would we rather be driven by Rabindranath Tagore's dream of an India “where the mind is without fear and the head is held high … Into that heaven of freedom let my country awake?” I think most Indians would still prefer the latter. So let me try and explain why this argument of India aspiring to be a superpower is both historically and contextually a “no-brainer” argument.
This argument of mine has historical backing. Unlike the Greeks, Romans, Mongolians, the participants of the Crusades, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union or the U.S. which had their own reasons for conquest or “expansive doctrines,” India, for centuries, was a “potpourri” of small nation states, satisfied within the boundaries of its geographical expanse, religious tolerance, cultural diversity and abundant natural/water resources. Modern India, ravaged for two centuries by colonial exploitation, is still a nation in the making, benignly looking outward in recent times, primarily to seek energy resources and develop its vast human capital. Nothing exemplifies this aspiration more than the consistent statements of the strategic establishment that all current national strategies including those relating to security would first revolve around India's progression from a developing to a fully developed nation — a tall order by any yardstick.
Let me now dwell a bit on what is called “hard power” and see how it is factored into this whole business of fingerprinting a so-called “superpower.” Capability is never equal to power unless it is backed by intent and willingness to use the power in pursuit of national interests.
The answer is: India's development of force projection capability has always been governed by an overarching strategic direction of responsibility, restraint, resilience and respect for sovereignty. This has meant that deterrence has always occupied pole position, with coercive and expeditionary capabilities taking a back seat. The objectives of India too have been well calibrated with our own territorial sovereignty and regional stability being more important than influencing global affairs. Some commentators look at India's interest in the Indian Ocean Region as a logical manifestation of great power yearning; little realising that this interest is primarily driven by the need to provide a deterrent umbrella to energy interests and the millions of expatriate Indian citizens who not only contribute to the economy of the region they reside in, but also to India's economy. In short, does India's hard power support the prognosis of an emerging superpower? The answer is: No way! And we should not be perturbed at all beyond the fact that maybe our deterrent capabilities need greater attention.
Thank You For Reading.