بدھ، 18 اپریل، 2012
Logic of the Two-Nation Theory
Today Pakistan has once again become the target of Indian machinations and is being subjected to propaganda and intrigues, as New Delhi is exploiting the current political instability, economic meltdown and ethnic/social division among different segments of the Pakistani society.
The Hindus had opposed the partition of the subcontinent tooth and nail and considered it to be the desecration of “Mother India”. The Quaid, initially a proponent of Hindu-Muslim unity, soon realised that the Hindus wanted to avenge themselves for the hundreds of years of subjugation under the Mughals and other Muslim rulers of India. After the departure of the British, it would only be a change of rulers for the Muslims, while the Hindus - being in majority and economically more powerful - would enslave the downtrodden Muslims; whose only salvation lay in a separate homeland. Thus, it was the consideration of a different religion, rather than culture, language, ethnicity or customs and more that was the raison d'être for the creation of Pakistan.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a diehard leader of the Indian Congress, strongly opposed the partition of India. In his famous book, India Wins Freedom, he claims: “It (creation of Pakistan) is one of the greatest frauds on the people to suggest that religious affinity can unite areas which are geographically, economically and culturally different.” Similarly, Muslim religious organisations of the subcontinent - Jamiat Ulema-i-Hind, Majlis-i-Ahrar-i-Islam and Jamat-i-Islami - were politically very active during the struggle for Pakistan, but they vehemently opposed the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims on the plea that Pakistan was essentially a territorial concept and, thus, alien to the philosophy of Islamic brotherhood, which was universal in character. Nationalism was an un-Islamic concept for them, but at the same time they supported the Congress Party's idea of Indian nationalism that the Muslim political leadership considered as accepting perpetual domination of Hindu majority. Likewise, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the recipient of the 1985 Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, strongly opposed the Muslim League’s demand for the partition of India. When the Congress accepted the partition plan, he told them that "you have thrown us to the wolves."
Unfortunately, Pakistan’s detractors found solace in the dismemberment of Pakistan and Indira Gandhi went on to claim that the Quaid’s Two-Nation Theory had been “sunk in the Bay of Bengal.” But Pakistan survived and thrived, while Bangladesh has also taken up its rightful place in the comity of nations.
Today, Pakistan has once again become the target of Indian machinations and is being subjected to propaganda and intrigues, as New Delhi is exploiting the current political instability, economic meltdown and ethnic/social division among different segments of the Pakistani society. Thus, it is polluting the minds of Pakistani youth by claiming that their country’s salvation lies in reuniting with India and that the Two-Nation Theory became defunct after 1947. Pseudo attempts. like Aman ki Asha. are a case in point for discrediting it, which must be counteracted with logic.
By S M Hali
The writer is a political and defence analyst.
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